Supervision : Pierre SENS
Co-supervision : SOPENA Julien
With the advent of cloud architectures, virtualization has become a key mechanism for ensuring isolation and flexibility. However, a drawback of using virtual machines (VMs) is the fragmentation of physical resources. As operating systems leverage free memory for I/O caching, memory fragmentation is particularly problematic for I/O-intensive applications, which suffer a significant performance drop. In this context, providing the ability to dynamically adjust the resources allocated among the VMs is a primary concern.
To address this issue, this thesis proposes a distributed cache mechanism called Puma. Puma pools together the free memory left unused by VMs: it enables a VM to entrust clean page-cache pages to other VMs. Puma extends the Linux kernel page cache, and thus remains transparent, to both applications and the rest of the operating system. Puma adjusts itself dynamically to the caching activity of a VM, which Puma evaluates by means of metrics derived from existing Linux kernel memory management mechanisms. Our experiments show that Puma significantly improves the performance of I/O-intensive applications and that it adapts well to dynamically changing conditions.
Defence : 02/04/2016 - 14h - Site Jussieu 25-26/105
Mme Christine Morin, Directrice de recherche, INRIA [Rapporteur]
M. Vivien Quéma, Professeur, Grenoble INP [Rapporteur]
M. Édouard Bugnion, Professeur, École polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne
M. Gilles Muller, Directeur de recherche, INRIA
M. Étienne Rivière, Maître assistant, Université de Neuchâtel
M. Sébastien Monnet, Maître de conférences (HDR), Université Pierre et Marie Curie
M. Pierre Sens, Professeur, Université Pierre et Marie Curie
M. Julien Sopena, Maître de conférences, Université Pierre et Marie Curie