Supervision : Jean-Pierre BRIOT, Isabelle ALVAREZ, Marta DE AZEVEDO IRVING
Good management of shared spaces requires taking into account the multiplicity of stakeholders who each have their own values and objectives. It is subject to two recurring problems. The first is the lack of consensus, the second is a consensus on an ineffective solution in its response to the problems raised. Combining the participatory aspect with technical assistance makes it possible to address both aspects. It is possible both to help the actors in the decision-making process, while at the same time directing their reasoning towards a coherent result.
In order to provide technical assistance, we choose to use the theory of viability, which proposes to users to define a set of constraints grouping the interests and objectives of each. This method has two advantages. On the one hand, it is no longer necessary to aggregate or prioritise the criteria. On the other hand, viability allows an infinite time horizon to be taken into account, implying respect for intergenerational equity. Moreover, we draw inspiration from the techniques used for the design of serious games in order to give an educational and awareness-raising aspect to our tool for participatory management.
This thesis work focuses on the design, development and impact study of a tool for participatory management based on viability theory. We have implemented a prototype of an IT assistant that gives concrete form to the ideas proposed in the thesis. Then we conducted a first experimentation of its use in order to analyse its interest and the benefits brought to decision making and negotiation. This evaluation allowed us to assess the influence of this tool from the point of view of decision support, negotiation support and awareness of the issues raised by resource sharing. An application inspired by the case of Brazilian extractive reservation allowed us to illustrate this approach.
Defence : 12/08/2020 - 10h - https://zoom.us/j/91613019938?pwd=K1FPZEVmN21mTnc0bE9kbERSdndJdz09
Mme Sophie Martin : Chercheuse, INRAE/LISC et ISC-PIF [rapporteur]
M. Pierre Bommel : Chercheur, CIRAD/UPR GREEN [rapporteur]
Mme Juliette Rouchier : Directrice de recherche, Université Paris-Dauphine - CNRS/ LAMSADE
Mme Amel Yessad : Maître de Conférences, Sorbonne Université - CNRS/LIP6
M. Nicolas Maudet : Professeur, Sorbonne Université - CNRS/LIP6
Mme Isabelle Alvarez : Chercheuse, LISC/INRAE et ISC-PIF
Mme Marta de Azevedo Irving : Professeure titulaire UFRJ, Brésil
M. Jean-Pierre Briot : Directeur de recherche, CNRS/LIP6